How to Send MMS in PHP Using Plivo's Messaging API

Your company has settled on Plivo to handle its voice and messaging communications, and now it’s your job to start integrating Plivo into your company’s applications. Don’t worry — Plivo has an SDK to help you out. Let’s see how to send and receive MMS through Plivo in a PHP application.

Install the Plivo PHP SDK

We’ll presume you already have PHP and Composer installed. Change to the directory into which you want to install the Plivo PHP release and run

$ composer require plivo/plivo-php

or you can download the source from our GitHub repository, then run

$ composer install

Find your Auth ID and Auth Token

You have to have proper credentials before you can use the Plivo API. We provide an Auth ID and Auth Token in the Account section at the top of the overview page of the Plivo console.

Find Your Auth Credentials on Plivo Console

Choose a phone number

You need an MMS-enabled Plivo phone number to send MMS to the US and Canada, the two countries where Plivo supports sending MMS. Check the Phone Numbers screen of your Plivo console to see what numbers you have available and which of them support MMS capabilities. You can also buy numbers from this screen.

Buy a New MMS-enabled Plivo Number

Send an MMS message

Now you’re ready to start. Create a file called SendMMS.php and paste in this code:

<?php
require 'vendor/autoload.php';
use Plivo\RestClient;

$client = new RestClient("<auth_id>","<auth_token>");
$client->client->setTimeout(40);

$mediaURLs = ['https://media.giphy.com/media/26gscSULUcfKU7dHq/source.gif'];
$mediaIDs = ['801c2056-33ab-499c-80ef-58b574a462a2'];
$response = $client->messages->create(
  [  
       "src" => "+14152345678",
        "dst" => "+14151112222",
        "text"  =>"Hello, MMS from PHP server!",
        "url"=>"http://foo.com/sms_status/",
        "type" => "mms", 
        "media_urls" => $mediaURLs, 
        "media_ids" => $mediaIDs
     ]
);
print_r($response);
?>

Replace the placeholders auth_id and auth_token with actual values from your Plivo Console. Save the file and run it with the command

$ php SendMMS.php

Note: If you’re using a Plivo trial account, you can send messages only to phone numbers that have been verified with Plivo. You can verify a phone number using the Sandbox Numbers page of the console. Also, if you want to upload your media files to Plivo and use them, you can upload the file on the Messaging > MMS Media Upload page of the console.

Receive an MMS message

Of course, sending messages is only half of the equation. When someone sends an MMS message to your US or Canada Plivo phone number, you can receive it on your server by setting a Message URL in your Plivo application. Plivo will send the message along with other parameters, including the Media_URL(s), to your Message URL.

Use this code to start a local server:

<?php
require 'vendor/autoload.php';

$from_number = $_REQUEST["From"];
$to_number = $_REQUEST["To"];
$text = $_REQUEST["Text"];
$media_url = $_REQUEST["Media0"];

echo("Message received - From $from_number, To: $to_number, Text: $text, Media: $media_url" );

Save this code in any file — we’ll call ours receiveMMS.php. To run this file on the server, go to the folder where this file resides and issue the command

$ php -S localhost:8000

That’s fine for testing, but it’s not much good if you can’t connect to the internet to receive incoming messages and handle callbacks. For that, we recommend using ngrok, which exposes local servers behind NATs and firewalls to the public internet over secure tunnels. Install it and run ngrok on the command line, specifying the port that hosts the application on which you want to receive messages:

$ ./ngrok http [portnum]

Ngrok will display a forwarding link that you can use as a webhook to access your local server using the public network.

Sample ngrok CLI

Now you can create an application to receive MMS messages (follow our Quickstart guide for details).

Conclusion

And that’s all there is to sending and receiving MMS messages using Plivo’s PHP SDK. Don’t use PHP? Don’t worry — we have SDKs for Java, Python, Node.js, Ruby, .NET Core, .NET Framework, and Go.

Haven’t tried Plivo yet? Getting started is easy and only takes five minutes. Sign up today.

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