Send WhatsApp Templated Messages Using Go

Overview

This guide shows how to send a templated WhatsApp message to any destination WhatsApp numbers. Templated messages are a crucial to your WhatsApp messaging experience, as businesses can only initiate WhatsApp conversation with their customers using templated messages. 

You can start sending templated WhatsApp message messages using our APIs. Follow the instructions below.

Prerequisites

To get started, you need a Plivo account — sign up with your work email address if you don’t have one already. If this is your first time using Plivo APIs, follow our instructions to set up a Go development environment.

Once you have a Plivo account, follow our WhatsApp guide to onboard your WhatsApp account, register a number against your WABA and have a template in approved state.

If you phone number is in

connected

state and template is in

approved

state, you can send your first message.

Create the send WhatsApp application

Create a file called SendWhatsApp.go and paste into it this code.

package main

import (
        "fmt"
        "github.com/plivo/plivo-go/v7"
)

func main() {
        client, err := plivo.NewClient("<auth_id>"", "<auth_token>", &plivo.ClientOptions{})
        if err != nil {
                fmt.Print("Error", err.Error())
                return
        }

        template, err := plivo.CreateWhatsappTemplate(`{
            "name": "sample_purchase_feedback",
            "language": "en_US",
            "components": [
                {
                    "type": "header",
                    "parameters": [
                        {
                            "type"": "media",
                            "media": "https://plivo.com/s3/img1.jpg"
                        }
                    ]
                },
                {
                    "type": "body",
                    "parameters": [
                        {
                            "type": "text",
                            "text": "ABC Water Purifier"
                        }
                    ]
                }
            ]
          }`)
         if err != nil {
            fmt.Print("Error", err.Error())
            return
         }

        response, err := client.Messages.Create(
        plivo.MessageCreateParams{
                  Src:"+14151112221",
                  Dst:"+14151112222",
                  Type:"whatsapp",
                  Template:&template,
                  URL: "https:'//'foo.com/sms_status/"
              },
         )
         if err != nil {
                fmt.Print("Error", err.Error())
                return
        }
        fmt.Printf("Response: %#v\n", response)
        // Prints only the message_uuid
        fmt.Printf("Response: %#v\n", response.MessageUUID)
}

Replace the auth placeholders with your authentication credentials from the Plivo console. Replace the phone number placeholders with actual phone numbers in E.164 format (for example, +12025551234). 

src

would be your phone number registered against your WhatsApp business account. 

dst

  would be the destination WhatsApp number that would receive the message. 

WhatsApp templates support 4 components: 

header

body

footer

buttons

. At the point of sending messages, the template object you see in the code acts as a way to pass the dynamic parameters. 

header

  can accomodate

text

or

media

(images, video, documents) content. 

body

 can accomodate

text

content. 

footer

 cannot have any dynamic variables. Plivo does not support sending dynamic parameters in button yet. 

Note: We recommend that you store your credentials in the auth_id and auth_token environment variables to avoid the possibility of accidentally committing them to source control. If you do this, you can initialize the client with no arguments and Plivo will automatically fetch the values from the environment variables. You can use os.Setenv and os.Getenv functions to store environment variables and fetch them when initializing the client.

Test

Save the file and run it.

go run SendWhatsApp.go
Note: If you’re using a Plivo Trial account, you can send messages only to phone numbers that have been verified with Plivo. You can verify (sandbox) a number by going to the console’s Phone Numbers > Sandbox Numbers page.