PINless Conference Calls Using Ruby

    Overview

    This guide shows how to create and configure conference calling, which lets you connect multiple people to one call at the same time.

    You can implement PINless conference calls either by using our PHLO visual workflow builder or our APIs and XML documents. Follow the instructions in one of the tabs below.

    You can create and deploy a workflow to implement conference calling with a few clicks on the PHLO canvas.

    Prerequisites

    To get started, you need a Plivo account — sign up with your work email address if you don’t have one already. To receive incoming calls, you must have a voice-enabled Plivo phone number. You can rent numbers from the Numbers page of the Plivo console, or by using the Numbers API.

    Create the PHLO

    To create a PHLO, visit the PHLO page of the Plivo console. If this is your first PHLO, the PHLO page will be empty.

    • Click CREATE NEW PHLO.
    • In the Choose your use case pop-up, click Build my own. The PHLO canvas will appear with the Start node.
      Note: The Start node is the starting point of any PHLO. It lets you trigger a PHLO to start upon one of three actions: incoming SMS message, incoming call, or API request.
    • From the list of components on the left side, drag and drop the Conference Bridge component onto the canvas. When a component is placed on the canvas it becomes a node.

    • Draw a line to connect the Start node‘s Incoming Call trigger state to the Conference Bridge node.

    • In the Configuration tab at the right of the canvas, enter a Conference ID for your conference. You can also add an announcement message to greet callers, and configure the hold music.

    • Once you’ve configured the node, click Validate to save the configuration.
    • Give the PHLO a name by clicking in the upper left, then click Save.

    Your complete PHLO should look like this.

    Conference without Pin

    Assign the PHLO to a Plivo number

    Once you’ve created and configured your PHLO, assign it to a Plivo number.

    • On the Numbers page of the console, under Your Numbers, click the phone number you want to use for the PHLO.
    • In the Number Configuration box, select PHLO from the Application Type drop-down.
    • From the PHLO Name drop-down, select the PHLO you want to use with the phone number, then click Update Number.

    Assign PHLO to a Plivo Number

    Test

    You can now call to your Plivo phone number and see how callers are added to a conference call.

    For more information about creating a PHLO application, see the PHLO Getting Started guide. For information on components and their variables, see the PHLO Components Library.

    Here’s how to receive a call on a Plivo number and add the caller to a conference call named “demo” using the Conference XML element.

    How it works

    PINless Conference Call Flow

    Prerequisites

    To get started, you need a Plivo account — sign up with your work email address if you don’t have one already. You must have a voice-enabled Plivo phone number to receive incoming calls; you can rent numbers from the Numbers page of the Plivo console, or by using the Numbers API. If this is your first time using Plivo APIs, follow our instructions to set up a Ruby development environment and a web server and safely expose that server to the internet.

    Create a Rails controller to implement a conference call

    Change to the project directory and run this command to create a Rails controller for inbound calls.

    $ rails generate controller Plivo voice
    

    This will generate a controller named plivo_controller in the app/controllers/ directory and a view in app/views/plivo. We can delete the view as we don’t need it.

    $ rm app/views/plivo/voice.html.erb
    

    Edit app/controllers/plivo_controller.rb and paste this code into the PlivoController class:

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    def conference
      response = Response.new
    
      params = {
        'startConferenceOnEnter' => "false",
        'waitSound' => "https://<yourdomain>.com/waitmusic/"
      }
    
      conference_name = "demo"
      response.addConference(conference_name, params)
    
      xml = PlivoXML.new(response)
      puts xml.to_xml
      render xml: xml.to_xml
     end
    

    Add a route

    Add a route for the inbound function in the PlivoController class. Edit config/routes.rb and add the line below after the inbound route:

    get 'plivo/conference'
    

    Now plivo_controller is ready to forward incoming calls to your Plivo number. To start the Rails server, run

    $ rails server
    

    You should see your basic server application in action at http://localhost:3000/plivo/conference/.

    Create a Plivo application for the conference call

    Associate the Go application you created with Plivo by creating a Plivo application. Visit Voice > Applications in the Plivo console and click on Add New Application, or use Plivo’s Application API.

    Give your application a name — we called ours Conference Call. Enter the server URL you want to use (for example https://<yourdomain>.com/conference_call/) in the Answer URL field and set the method to POST. Click Create Application to save your application.

    Create Conference Application

    Assign a Plivo number to your application

    Navigate to the Numbers page and select the phone number you want to use for this application.

    From the Application Type drop-down, select XML Application.

    From the Plivo Application drop-down, select Conference Call (the name we gave the application).

    Click Update Number to save.

    Assign Conference Application

    Test

    Make a call to your Plivo number. You should be placed into a conference.